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Lindauer picture sheets

Year: 1948
Material:drawing paper cut / color offset printing
Jan Thorbecke Verlag Lindau/Bodensee
Nuremberg Toy Museum
Dimensions: 26 x 38 cm

Nr. 1 Endlich. Eine Trost-Aria aus dem Jahre 1723. Von Johann Ch. Günther (Inv.Nr. 1986.1107a)
Nr. 4 Die Haustiere. Mit der Schere geschnitten (Inv.Nr. 1986.1107e)
Nr. 7 Ein richtiges Notha bey jetziger Weltmode (Inv.Nr. 1986.107e)

Fritz Griebel's talent as a graphic artist and illustrator, took care to work with the children's book author Frederick Boer (1904-1987). Boer, who was in the 1930s by the Bauhaus applied technique of photomontage used for the first time in the children's book, published in 1948, the Lindauer renowned picture-book illustrators for which he won. They appeared in three episodes, the first two contained six sheets, the last episode three, although there were still other designs, which were not executed.

Das große Unglück auf der Eisenbahn zwischen Paris und Versailles 1842. Neuruppiner Bilderbogen Nr. 1493

A picture-book is a popular broadsheet (flat printing) of the 18 and 19 Century, which has a with related content, mostly colored image sequence on a variety of figurative motifs often rhymed with accompanying text. He should teach and entertain. Across Europe, produced over 300 Spinning Shops broadsheets. Founder of the local tradition, the book printer Johann Bernhard Kühn (1794-1868) was in Neuruppin.

The paintings is an early precursor of the comic and mass media. In times when the majority of the population could neither read nor write, was the picture-an important organ for the mediation of religious, cultural and political content, which was usually sold at low retail prices. Precursors since the 13th letter of the painters Century and produced at fairs and in peddling sold devotional and pilgrimage as well as printed images of the 15th Einblattholzschnitte and 16 Century and illustrated leaflets.

Broadsheets were all that was not directed against the reason of state or applicable morality: images of saints, house blessings, sayings, portraits of rulers and their families, vistas, distant exotic countries, current events such as wars, weddings and funerals of celebrities as well as natural disasters, so that picture- can also be described as precursors of illustrated newspapers.

Neuruppiner Bilderbogen, 1850

Even educational broadsheets (ABC Pictures, ink sheets, fairy bow, moralities) emerge. Already existed in Prussia since 1736 compulsory education, but it was not until the 1880s generally accepted. Until then, the lessons were particularly in rural areas is incomplete and inadequate. The broadsheets were able to convey at least some mental training and could be built for everyone as a cheap encyclopedia of individual leaves.

Nr. 4 Die Haustiere. Mit der Schere geschnitten (Inv.Nr. 1986.1107e)

Three of the Lindau picture sheets are designed by Fritz Griebel. We want to look at each in more detail below. The paintings No.4 shows pets as silhouettes. The 25 animals are each framed black and stand out from the contrasting yellow background. Denoting now primarily dogs and cats as pets classical, so with Fritz Griebel also emerge animals like donkeys, cows and wild boar and a bat and bee. He thus gives the impression of rural life, indeed the idyllic two years after the war ended.

Griebel succeeds in his narrative talent with only small details and gestures to implement. Thus, a goose, a frog fed to their chicks, drag the donkey must be borne, while the horse is frightened, because a bird lands on his back, trying to nibble hedgehog and bee and two mice inspect a strange frame.

Nr. 7 Ein richtiges Notha bey jetziger Weltmode (Inv.Nr. 1986.107e)

While this picture-book is pedagogically oriented, the two following refer to a poem and aphorism with Christian moral statement. The images document No 7 is in the middle of a poem, which is illustrated on the right and left with six small illustrations. The poem is quite likely from Baroque poet Johann Christian Gunther (1695-1723) and treated 12 wickedness that can prevail in the world. They are usually represented allegorically as the personification of an abstract concept from the poem. Each of the 12 images is set in a yellow frame. In a small tondo (circular painting) in each image is a symbol of the term. Thus, the term piety as the personification of a monk praying hands, and as shown symbolically in the Tondo.

The construction of the 12 images reminiscent of the educated from the humanists of the Italian High Renaissance art form of the emblem. This is understood as an allegorical, and also by a sinnverhüllende interpret combination of image and word characterizing representation, which was usually published in book form. Emblems illustrate most general thoughts and convey morals or universal context in which things, characters and actions are filed.

Andrea Alciato: Emblem aus Emblematum liber, Augsburg 1531
Daniel Heinsius: Emblem aus Emblemata amatoria, Amsterdam 1601

An emblem is composed of three parts. The lemma (motto) is usually a brief Latin motto that expresses an ethical truth. The icon is part of the allegorical picture and the epigram has to resolve the puzzling combination of Lemma and icon with a poetic text. Griebel changed from this art form when he renounced the lemma and chose as the epigram each line of poetry or concept. The important emblem for the enigmatic character he faded into the background, but should be understood just by picture-less educated classes.

Nr. 1 Endlich. Eine Trost-Aria aus dem Jahre 1723. Von Johann Ch. Günther (Inv.Nr. 1986.1107a)

"Patentia vincit omnia. The patience conquers all "- the poem ends with this phrase. This comforting view agrees with the picture-book No. 1. Griebel also illustrated here is a poem by Johann Christian Günther. The paintings here is not designed in landscape format, but in portrait orientation. Unlike the previous images here each arc is a line of poetry placed directly under the picture. Are described in the previous poem 12 universal and timeless wickedness, this poem focuses on the redemption thereof by the Christian faith, and ultimately through death, eternal life in the "valley of God" promises.

 

A heartfelt thanks goes to Dr. Helmut Schwarz, Director of the Toy Museum in Nuremberg, for providing the picture-book.